Phonemic and phonological awareness is the ability to hear the smallest sounds of speech (phonemes) and word parts (syllables) in spoken language.
1. Creates Rhyming Words Orally and Recognizes Beginning Sounds. The child is able to orally identify words with rhyming endings (such as cat & hat) and is audibly aware when words begin with the same sound (such as pen & pig).
Name That Rhyme
Whisper Songs and Poems
2. Recognizes Words or Word Parts that Do or Do Not Rhyme. The child is able to orally recognize words that rhyme and also identify words that do not rhyme.
What’s the Missing Word?
Does It Rhyme?
3. Identifies Words with the Same Beginning Sound and Words with the Same Ending Sound. The child is able to recognize words that begin with the same sound, such as pen and pig. The child is also able to recognize identical ending sounds, such as bat and hit.
Can You Find the Same Sound?
4. Orally Blends Sounds and Word Parts to Make Words. The child is able to orally blend sounds together to create words when given separate sounds, such when the child hears /c/ /a/ /t/, he says cat.
What is the Word?
Who is it?
5. Segments Words into Parts and Phonemes. The child is able to segment and name the individual sounds in words.
Clap the Sound
What Sounds Do You Hear?
6. Orally Manipulates Phonemes (sounds) in Words and Word Parts. The child is able to identify each sound in a word and also identify the changes that occur when substituting or replacing sounds.
What Happens If…
Oral Word Families